18 Jun, 2021

Have you ever felt a sudden pain in your teeth while eating or drinking something? That is Sensitivity, the sudden strong pain in your teeth when eating something hot or cold. Sensitivity is temporary pain in teeth or can be a chronic disease. It can affect one tooth or all of the teeth. It is very common to have sensitive teeth and it can be treated by just small measures of taking care of your teeth. There are several home remedies and treatments for it.

There is no right time to get teeth sensitivity, It can happen to children and adults at any age. Most common in adults, sensitivity always gives you discomfort and traumatic ache that can shift your focus from work to pain. Usually, Sensitivity goes away within a week or can stay until we get the right treatment.


What are the causes?

In very few cases people have teeth sensitivity genetically, in situations like Hypoplasia or Dentinogenesis. In most cases, teeth sensitivity is developed over time due to the removal of the upper layer of teeth, called enamel. Enamel is the layer that protects the teeth from attacks of acidic and harmful things to affect the nerves of teeth. Enamel also protects the teeth from bacteria attack by stopping them from getting to the teeth nerves. If you have sensitivity, the following things can cause pain in your sensitive teeth.


     Having cold or hot food

     Cold air

     Sugary food

     Toothpaste with mints


     Rinsing the mouth with cold water


All of the mentioned above things can trigger mild or extreme pain in sensitive teeth. A cavity in one more tooth, Decay, broken or fractured teeth, and other dental conditions may cause sensitivity. In the majority of the cases, sensitivity is caused by thinning or a damaged enamel layer.

Having a cavity filled in recently, teeth bleaching, tooth extraction or any other dental surgery can also trigger temporary sensitivity in a particular tooth and even in neighboring teeth as well.


What Causes Enamel Erosion?

The main cause of sensitivity is thinning/damage/erosion of the enamel layer. After enamel erosion, it is painful to eat or drink cold food. Here are the things that can cause enamel erosion.


     Hard or rough teeth brushing

     Not using a gentle toothbrush

     The Habit of grinding teeth

     Chewing gums or sugary candies often

     Acidic food and drinks


All the things mentioned above may cause enamel erosion and eventually the sensitive teeth.

When to see a dentist?

Sensitivity can be temporary pain in teeth due to acidic food or drink consumption or other causes. It may go away in a week for most of the time with proper care and an oral hygiene regime.

If you have sensitive teeth for a long time and feel pain very often, It’s time you see your dentist and get medical care. A dentist may diagnose the cause of pain and medical history for the problem. He will check for cavities, broken teeth, decay of teeth, or a gum problem that can cause sensitivity.

A dentist may suggest treatments after diagnosing the cause of the problem. If you have cavities in the teeth that are causing sensitivity, the dentist may suggest you get cavities filled or the tooth to be extracted. An X-ray may be the option to diagnose the cause properly. If you have gum recession, the dentist may give you antibiotics and suggest cleaning and smoothing the affected area. Surgery might be an option in severe cases. If you have a broken or damaged tooth, the dentist might suggest getting a suitable treatment for that.

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